Mozambique In Brief
The Republic of Mozambique is a sovereign country located in south-eastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest; Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.
Mozambique was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal in 1505. By 1510, the Portuguese had control of all of the former Arab sultanates on the east African coast.
From about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts became regular ports of call on the new route to the east.
After 10 years of National Liberation Struggle lead by Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO), Mozambique get independence from Portugal on 25th June 1975.
AREA: 799.380 Km2
LENGHTH OF LAND BORDERS: 4,571 Km
COASTLINE: 2,700 Km
LOCAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE: 10 PROVINCES
CAPITAL CITY: MAPUTO
TOTAL POPULATION: 23.4 Million (2012)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: PORTUGUESE, but English is widely spoken
LIFE EXPECTANCY: 52 (Male) 53 (Female)
LITERACY (2010 – WB): 56.1%
GDP (IMF Estimates 2012): US$ 14.27 billion
GDP per Capita, current US$: 535 (2011 – WB)
CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT (2011): 25.8% of GDP
GDP GROWTH: 7.5% (2012)
INFLATION RATE: 2.5% (2012)
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE: 13%
EXPORTS: US$ 4, 6 Billion
IMPORTS: US$ 2, 8 Billion
MAIN EXPORT PRODUCTS: Aluminum, Electricity, Natural Gas, Heavy Sands Products (Zircon Titanium), Prawns, Sugar, Tobacco, Cotton, Timber, Cashew Nuts and Kernel
MAIN IMPORT PRODUCTS: Alumina, Machinery, Fuels (Petrol and Gasoline), Automobiles, Cereals, Building Materials and electrical appliances, Electrical power, Medicine, Sugar
MAIN EXPORT MARKETS: Belgium, South Africa, China, Spain, Portugal, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Malawi, India, Germany, Japan.
MAIN IMPORT MARKETS: South Africa, Holland, USA, India, Portugal, China, Emirates, Japan,
Pakistan, Thailand, United Kingdom and Germany.
RANKING ON DOING BUSINESS (WB): 146TH (2013) OUT OF 174 COUNTRIES